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松材线虫病的简介

时间:2018/10/10

  SONGCAIXIANCHONGBINGYOUCHENGSONGSHUWEINIANBING,SHISONGSHUSHANGDEYIZHONGHUIMIEXINGCHUANRANBING,BEIXUDUOGUOJIALIEWEIJIANYIDUIXIANG。WOGUO1982NIANZAINANJINGZHONGSHANLINGSHOUCIFAXIAN,XIANYIBEIKUODAOLIAONINGSHENG,YANJUNXINGSHIYIBIJINWOSHENG,ZAIWOGUOSHIYIZHONGDIANXINGDEBINGYUANZHUDAOXINGBINGHAI,YESHIWOGUOLINYEYOUHAISHENGWUZHISHOU,SONGSHUYIDANRANBINGHENKUAIKUWEISIWANG,YINCIBEICHENGZHIWEISONGSHUDE“AIZHENG”。

  一、松材线虫病的发生特点

  SONGCAIXIANCHONGBINGNENGYINQIYIZHONGLINYESHANGZUIJUWEIXIANXING、HUIMIEXINGDEBINGHAI。TAZHIBINGLIQIANG,JIZHUSIWANGSUDUKUAI;CHUANBOKUAI,QIECHANGCHANGCUBUJIFANG;YIDANFASHENG,ZHILINANDUDA。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,ZHONGGUOZI1982NIANFASHENGGAIBINGHOUDE10NIANJIAN,FASHENGMIANJIYUEDA38000hm2,ZAOCHENGSONGSHUSIWANG1400000ZHUYISHANG,SUNSHIMUCAI50000m3。YONGYUBINGHAIDEFANGZHIJINGFEIYIDA645WANYUAN。GAIBINGBUJINJIGUOMINJINGJIZAOCHENGZHONGDASUNSHI,YEPOHUAILEZIRANJINGGUANHESHENGTAIHUANJING,DUIWOGUOFENGFUDESONGLINZIYUANGOUCHENGYANZHONGWEIXIE。

  二、松材线虫病的寄主树种

  WOGUOYIBAODAOZAIZIRANTIAOJIANXIAGANBINGZHISHAO13ZHONG:RIBENHEISONG、CHISONG、LIUQIUSONG、MAWEISONG、HUANGSHANSONG、HUOJUSONG、SHIDISONG、BAIPISONG、YUNNANSONG、SIMAOSONG、YOUSONG、HUASHANSONG、HONGSONGDENG,SONGSHUSHIWOGUOZUIZHUYAODEZAOLINSHUZHONG,YOUSONGLINMIANJI5YIMU,QIZHUZAISHUZHONGMAWEISONG、HEISONG、CHISONG、HUASHANSONG、YUNNANSONG、HUANGSHANSONGDENGDOUSHIYIGANBINGSONGZHONG。

  三、松材线虫病的发生分布

  35NIANLAIXIANHOUZAI18GESHENG400DUOGESHIXIANFASHENG,1982NIANJIANGSU,1988ANHUI、GUANGDONG,1990SHANDONG,1991ZHEJIANG,2000SHANGHAI、HUBEI,2001FUJIAN、ZHONGQING、GUANGXI,2003JIANGXI、HUNAN、GUIZHOU,2004SICHUAN、YUNNAN,2009HENAN、SHANXI,2016LIAONING,ZHI2016NIANZAIWOGUOYIXIANHOUYOU374GEXIANQUFASHENGSONGCAIXIANCHONGBING,ZHANXIANJIXINGZHENGQUZONGSHU2862GEDE13.1%。ZHI2017NIANDIZAIWOGUOYIXIANHOUYOU451GEXIANQUFASHENGGUOSONGCAIXIANCHONGBING,ZHANXIANJIXINGZHENGQUZONGSHU2862GEDE15.8%。MUQIANRENGYOU16GESHENGHE323GEXIANJIXINGZHENGQUWEISONGCAIXIANCHONGBINGYIQU。

  四、松材线虫病的传播途径

  CHUANBOTUJINGZHUYAOFENWEIZIRANCHUANBOHERENWEICHUANBO

  ZIRANCHUANBO:ZHUYAOTONGGUOMEIJIEKUNCHONGXIEDAISONGCAIXIANCHONGCHUANBODAOLINJINDEJIANKANGSONGSHU,LINGWAISHAOSHUYEKETONGGUOXIANCHONGBENSHENDEYIDONGJIBINGZHUYUJIANKANGZHUZHIJIANDEGENBUTURANGJIECHUERCHUANBO。

  RENWEICHUANBO:ZHIDAIYOUSONGCAIXIANCHONGHECHUANBOMEIJIEDEBINGCAI、BINGZHIJIQIJIAGONGPINDENGTONGGUORENGONG、YUNSHUGONGJUDENGBANYUNDAOLINGYIGEDIQU,ZHEIZHONGCHUANBOFANGSHIBUSHOUZIRANPINGZHANGXIANZHI,ERQIESUDUKUAI,SHIZUIZHUYAO、YESHIZUIWEIXIANDECHUANBOFANGSHI。


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