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寒富苹果的种植技术

时间:2017/5/11

  YI、HANFUPINGGUODEPINZHONGTEXING

  HANFUPINGGUOWEIDUANZHIXINGPINZHONG,YIDUANGUOZHIJIEGUOWEIZHU,GUOTAIFUSHAOLIANXUJIEGUONENGLIQIANG,YEHUAYAJIEGUONENGLIJIQIANG。JINRUJIEGUOQIZAO,HUAXUZUOGUOLVDA82.5%。GUOSHIDUANZHUIXING,GUOBINGDUANCU,KANGFENGXINGQIANG。PINGJUNDANGUOZHONG250g,GUOSHIZONGJING6.96cm,HENGJING7.84cm,GUOXINGZHISHU0.89。ZUIDADANGUOZHONG915g 。

  GUOPIYANGMIANPIANHONG,KEQUANMIANZHEHONGSE。GUOROUDANHUANGSE,ROUZHISUCUI,ZHIDUOWEINONG,YOUXIANGQI,KERONGXINGGUXINGWUHANLIANG15.2%,TANGSUANBIZHIWEI36.8。JINAIZHUZANG,ZHUZANGXINGCHAOGUOGUOGUANGHEFUSHI,ZAIZHUZANGKUZHUZANGQIKEDA8GEYUEZUOYOU。

  JINGGUOQUYUXINGSHIZAI,ZAOGUOXINGQIANG,DINGZHIHOUDI2NIANJIANHUA,DI3NIANJIYOUCHANLIANG,DI4~5NIANJINRUFENGCHANQI,CHANLIANG2000~2500kg/666.7m2,ZUIGAOCHANLIANG5000kg/666.7m2(ZHUXINGJU1m×2.5mDEMIZHIYUAN)。DONGJINENGKANG-33.1℃DEDIWEN,WUDONGHAIBIAOXIAN,KANGLUNWENBINGNENGLIJIAOQIANG。GUOSHICHENGSHUQIWEI10YUESHANGXUN,11YUESHANGXUNZHENGCHANGLUOYE。

  ER、TUFEISHUIGUANLIJISHU

  (YI)、SHENGENGFANSHUHUATURANG

  ZHUYAOZAICHUN、QIULIANGJIJINXINGSHENFAN(SHENDA30cmZUOYOU),CISHIYINGJIEHESHIYOUJIFEITONGSHIJINXING,YEKEZAISHENGZHANGJISUISHIJINXINGSHIDUFANGENGHECHUZACAO,JIANSHAOBINGCHONGHAIWEIHAI,QIDAOZENGJIATURANGYOUJIZHIHANLIANG,GAISHANTURANGJIEGOUDEMUDE。

  (ER)、PINGHENGSHIFEI

  YOUSHUQI,MEINIAN4YUESHIJIFEI,ZHUSHINONGFEI,TONGSHIHUNRUNIAOSU、LINSUANERAN、LIUSUANJIAGONG0.25~0.5kg(SANZHEBILIWEI1:1:1),FANGFAWEIHUANZHUANGGOUSHI。

  JIEGUOQI,YUMEINIANCHUNJIMENGYAQIANSHINONGJIAFEISHI,MEIZHUJIASHINIAOSU、LINSUANERAN、LIUSUANJIAGONG0.75~1kg(SANZHEBILIWEI1:0.5:1),FANGFAWEIFANGSHEGOUZHUANGGOUSHIFEI,MEIZHUWA4~6TIAOFANGSHEGOU,MEINIANZHUJIANDIAOHUANGOUSHIDEWEIZHI。

  JIEGUOSHENGQI,CHUNSHIJIFEISHIHUNRUFUHEFEI1.2~1.5kgHEGUOSHUZHUANYONGSHENGWUYOUJIFEI5kg,7YUEMOZHI8YUECHUSHILIUSUANJIA0.75kg。

  (SAN)、SHUIFENGUANLI

  GENJUQIHOUTIAOJIAN,ZAIKAIHUAQIAN、LUOHUAHOUZHIYOUGUOPENGDAQIYIJIHOUQIGANHANSHI,DOUYINGFENBIEGUANSHUI,RUDONGJIEDONGQIANJISHIGUANFENGDONGSHUI。YUJIDANGGUOYUANJISHUISHIYAOJISHIPAISHUIFANGLAO。

  SAN、HUAGUOGUANLIJISHU

  (YI)、SHOUFEN

  HANFUPINGGUODESHOUFENFANGSHIZHUYAOYOUKUNCHONGSHOUFENHERENGONGSHOUFENLIANGZHONG。 BUJINKETIGAOZUOGUOLV,ERQIEGENGYOULIYUGUOSHIFAYU,SHIGUOXINGDUANZHENG。

  1、KUNCHONGSHOUFEN

  ZAISHOUFENSHUDAPEIHELIDEQINGKUANGXIAKECAIYONGKUNCHONGSHOUFEN。KUNCHONGSHOUFENKEJIESHENGRENGONGSHOUFENSUOYONGLAOLI,SHOUFENZHOUDAOXIZHI。SHOUXIANYAOZUOHAOBIFENGFENGCHAO,YONGLUWEIMEIJIEJIANCHENGYITOUKONG15cm-17cmDEGUAN,MEI50ZHIWEI1KUN,MEIGEFENGCHAOXU6KUN,ZHUANGJINQIANHOUZHANG30cm、KUAN16cmDEYINGZHIXIANGNEI,ZHICHENGCHAOXIANG,WEIBIFENGYINGZAOCHENGZIRANFENGCHAODEGANJUE。

  ZAIKAIHUAQIAN3-5TIANKAISHIFANGFENG,MEIMUTOUFANGLIANG100TOUZUOYOU,TOUFANGSHI,ZAIGUOYUANXINGJIANMEIFANGYUAN26-30mSHEZHIYICHAOXIANG(JULIDIMIAN33cm),BINGZAICHAOXIANGQIANWAYIGEZHANGKUAN40cmDESHUIKENG,BAOCHITURANGSHIRUN,GONGFENGXIANNIZHUCHAO。GUOSHULUOHUAHOU5-7TIAN,JIANGCHAOGUANSHOUHUI,FANGRUNILONGSHADAINEI,ZAIQINGJIETONGFENGSHINEIBAOCUN,SHIYOUFENGZAIJIANNEIXINGCHENGANQUANXIUMIAN,YINIANZAIYONG。FANGFENGQIAN10-15TIANBIMIANZAISHOUFENGUOYUANNEIJIJINLINDIKUAIPENSANONGYAO。

  2、RENGONGSHOUFEN

  ZAISHOUFENSHUDAPEIBUHELIYOUQUEFASHOUFENKUNCHONGQINGKUANGXIA,KECAIYONGRENGONGFUZHUSHOUFENDEFANGFA。CAIJIDEHUAFENPINZHONGYINGSHIYUHANFUQINHELIQIANG、HUAFENLIANGDA、HUAQIXIANGYU、FAYUZHENGCHANGDEPINZHONG,RUXINHONGXING、GALA、JINGUANDENG,CAIJIDEHUAFENYUHANFUDESHENGHUACHUQI,ZAIHUAKAIFANGDEDANGTIANHUOCIRISHOUFENXIAOGUOZUIJIA。

  SHOUFENSHI,YIBANCAIYONGRENGONGDIANSHOUFA,JIYONGQIMENXINHEMAOBIDENGZUOSHOUFENQI,ZHANQUHUAFEN,SHOUYUCIRUIZHUTOUSHANGJIKE。MEIHUAXUZHISHOU1DUOHUA,ZHISHOUZHONGXINHUAWEIHAO。YEKELIYONGPENWUQIYUSHENGHUAQIJINXINGPENFEN,HUOJIANGHUAFENPEICHENGXUANFUYEJINXINGYETISHOUFEN。

  (ER)、SHUHUASHUGUO

  HANFUPINGGUOSHIDAXINGGUO,YINGGENJUHUALIANGJISHOUFENQINGKUANGHESHUTIFAYUZHUANGTAIZONGHEQUEDINGSHUHUASHUGUOLIANG。SHUHUAFANGSHISHI“YINSHUDINGCHAN,KANZHILIUHUA”,JIEHEFUJIANDUOLIU10%—20%HUALIANGJIKE,DUOYUDEHUAXUJIZAOSHUCHUJIANSHAOYINGYANGXIAOHAO。

  SHUGUOFANGSHIBIJIAOJIANDANDESHISHENGZHANGDIANSHUGUOFA,JUTIBUZHOUSHIXIANJISUANQUANSHUDANGNIANDEXINSHAOSHULIANG,JIMEI5PIANYEYISHANGDEXINSHAOSUANYIGESHENGZHANGDIAN,MEI5—6GESHENGZHANGDIANLIU1GEGUO,DINGGUOSHIYAOQUCHUBINGCHONGGUO、MISHENGGUO、XIAOGUO、PIANGUO、JIXINGGUODENG,SHUGUOYINGZAIHUAHOUYIZHOUZUOYOUKAISHI。

  (SAN)、GUOSHITAODAI

  GUOSHITAODAI(SHUANGCENGDAI:“DH”ZHIDAI、FUDADAI)KEZENGJINGUOMIANZHESE,TIGAOGUOMIANGUANGJIEDU,JIANGDIBINGCHONGGUOLV,JIANSHAONONGYAOCANLIULIANG,TIGAOGUOSHIZHUZANGXINGHESHANGPINXING。

  1、TAODAISHIJIAN

  TAODAIGUOZAOYICHANSHENGRIZHUOBING,TAODAISHIQIGUOWAN,WANGWANGYINGXIANGLEGUOMIANDEGUANGJIEDU,GUODIANJIAODAQIEJIAOMINGXIAN,JIANGDILETAODAIDEXIAOGUO,YEYINGXIANGLETAODAIGUODEXIAOYI。GENJUSHIJIQINGKUANG,YIBANZAI6YUE15-30RIWEIYI。

  2、TAODAIFANGFA

  QUANSHUTAODAIYAOANSHUNXUJINXING,XIANTAOSHUSHANGGUO,HOUTAOSHUXIAGUO,XIANTAOGUANNEIGUO,HOUTAOGUANWAIGUO,YIFANGPENGDIAOTAODAIGUOHEPENGSHANGGUOSHI。TAODAIDEQUANGUOCHENGJINLIANGJIANSHAOSHOUZHICHUMOGUOSHIDECISHU。

  TAODAISHI,XIANJIANGDAIKOUNIEKAI,YOUSHOUSHENRUDAINEIDIBU,SHOUZHILVEWANQUCHENGBANWOQUANZHUANG。ZAIYONGZUOSHOUZHANGWEITUOQIDAIDI,SHIDAITIPENGQIDIJIAOLIANGBIANDETONGQIPAISHUIKONGZHANGKAI,YILIYUTONGQIHEPAISHUI。

  ZAIYONGLIANGSHOUDEMUZHIYUSHIZHIGENIEZHUDAIKOUDELIANGBIAN,JUDAIKOUXIA2-3LIMICHU,JIANGDAIDEGUOGENGKOUCHAOXIA,BAYOUGUOTAORUDAINEI,SHIGUOGENGCONGGUOGENGDAIKOUCHULUCHU。ZUIHOUJIANGDAIKOUYOUZHONGJIANXIANGLIANGCEZHEDIESHOUJIN,YONGDAIKOUBIANDEZHIZHEN(JINSHUSI)KAJINDAIKOUJIKE。QIEBUYAOJIANGDAIKOULIANTONGGUOGENGKAZAIYIQI,YIFANGLUOGUO。

  3、ZHAIDAIFANGFA

  YIBANZAIGUOSHICAISHOUQIAN10-15TIANZUOYOUJINXINGZHAIDAI。XIANJIANGWAIDAIZHAIDIAOHUOSIQU,DAI2-3TIANHOU,ZAIJIANGNEICENGDAIZHAIDIAO,YIFANGGUOMIANRIZHUO。

  ZHAIDAISHI,ZUIHAOXUANZEYINTIANHUODUOYUNTIANQIJINXING。RUQINGTIANZHAIDAISHI,DANGQIWENWENDINGHOUJINXINGWEIHAO,RUTIANQIGUORE,RIGUANGTAIZU,BUYIJINXINGZHAIDAI,FANGZHIGUOMIANCHUXIANRIZHUO。ZAIYITIANZHONG,ZUIHAOYUSHANGWU10-12SHI,ZHAISHUGUANDONG、BEIFANGXIANGDEGUOSHIDAI,XIAWU2-4SHI,ZHAISHUGUANXI、NANFANGXIANGDEGUOSHIDAI,ZHEIYANGKEJIANSHAOYINGUANGZHAOJUBIANERYINQIDERIZHUO。

  ZHAIYE、ZHUANGUO、PUFANGUANGMO:YUCAISHOUQIAN7-8TIAN,XIANZHAICHUGUOSHIZHOUWEI5—10LIMIFANWEIDEYEPIAN,TONGSHIXIZHIJIANCHUSHUGUANNEIDEZHILIZHI、TUZHANGZHIHEMISHENGZHI,SHUJIANGUOMIDEWAIWEIXINSHAO,ZHAICHUZHEGUANGDEYEPIAN,JIANGGUOSHIQINGZHUANYIXIA,SHIYINMIANZHUANWEIYANGMIAN,CUJINGUOSHIZHESE。

  (SI)、SHISHICAISHOU

  CAISHOUSHIYIDINGYAOQINGCAIQINGFANG,YONGCAIGUOZHUANYONGJIANZIJIANGGUOBINGJIANDUAN,GUOBINGZHANGDUYIBUNENGCISHANGQITAGUOWEIYI,TONGSHIHAIYAOBIMIANPENG、YASHANG。TONGSHIZHUYIBUYAOJIANGGUOGENGBADIAO,WUBINGGUORONGYILASHANGGUOROUERFULAN。CAIGUOSHIBUYAOZHEHUAIGUOTAI,YIMIANYINGXIANGYINIANHUAGUOLIANG。CAISHOUYONGDETIAOKUANG、TULANJUNYINGNEICHENBOBAOHUOBIANZHIDAI,CONGKUANGDAODUI,CONGDUIDAOXIANGYIJIYUNSONGGUOCHENGDOUYINGZHUGEJIAN、NA,YANJINQINGDAO。PINGGUOLUDIDUIFANG,BAITIANXUJIAGAIZHEYANGWANG,YEJIANZEJIEKAIFANGLUYULENG。

  CAISHOUHOUYAOANGUOGEDAXIAO、ZHESELV、CHENGSHUDUDENGBIAOZHUNJINXINGFENJIBAOZHUANG。YOUTIAOJIANDEHAIXUJINGGUOJIXIEQINGXI、SHANGGUANGDALA;ZHUGETAOWANG,ANGESHUHUOZHONGLIANGZHUANGXIANG、FENGXIANG、TIEBIAOQIAN。

  SI、XIUJIANJISHU

  (YI)、AIHUAHANFUDEZHENGXINGXIUJIANJISHU

  1、SHUXINGXUANZE

  AIHUAHANFUZHUYAOYIYEPINGGUOHUOHAITANGGUOWEIJIZHEN,GM256HUOKM23DENGKANGHANZHONGJIANZHEN,XINGCHENGLEKANGYANJIAN、KANGHAN、FENGCHANSANWEIYITIDEYOULIANGZHENSUIZUHE,MIDUWEI2×3-2×4m,GENJUAIHUAHANFUDESHENGZHANGFAYUTEDIAN,YINGXUANZEGAILIANGZHUGANXING。

  2、XIUJIANFANGFA

  XUANZECHUIZHUSHIDEZHENGZHIFANGSHI,YINIANSHENGMIAODINGZHIHOU,YU60cm——70cmCHUDINGGAN,DIERNIANCHUNJIXIUJIANSHI,ZHUGANZHITOUZAIZHIDE1/3CHUJINXINGDUANJIE,QIYUDEYINIANSHENGZHIQUANBUSHUCHU。

  DUIDANGNIANQUANZHUFACHUDECEFENZHIZAI30cmSHIYONGYAQIANKAIJIAO,DAI9YUEZHONGXUNQIANHOUJINXINGLAZHI110-120°

  DI3NIANCHUNJIMENGYASHIXIUJIAN,DUIZHUGANZHITOUJINXINGQINGDUANJIE,BINGJIANGJIANKOUXIAJINGZHENGZHISHUCHU,QIYUDEZHIJINXINGHUANFANG,XINGCHENGXIECHUIZHUANG,ZAILAZHISHIZHITIAOFACHUDEJIBUTUZHANGZHIYAOJINXINGSHUCHU。

  DI3NIANXINZHANGCHUDECEFENZHITONGYANGZAIQIUJIJINXINGQIANGLAZHI,KAIZHANGJIAODU,YINIANCHUNJIJINXINGHUANGE。DI4NIANDONGCHUNXIUJIANSHI,YUDI3NIANXIANGTONG,DANDUIYIXIEJIEGUODEZHIYAOJINXINGZHENGHEFUZHUANG,BAOZHENGZHONGXINGANDEJUEDUIYOUSHI。DI5NIANJINXINGLUOTOU。BAOCHIYIDINGGAODU,DUICHAOGUO1:0.3GANZHIBILIDEZHIYAOQUANBUSHUCHU,XINGCHENGZHUGANXING,CHUIZHUZHUANG

  (ER)、QIAOZHENHANFUDEZHENGXINGXIUJIANJISHU

  1、SHUXINGXUANZE

  MUQIANHANFUPINGGUOQIAOZHENMIZHI3×4mYINGXUANZEZIYOUFANGCHUIXING。

  2、XIUJIANFANGFA GAILIANGZIYOUFANGCHUIXING

  YINIANSHENGMIAODINGZHIHOU,YU60cm——70cmCHUDINGGAN,ZAIMENGYAHOUBOQUJIANKOUXIADI2YA,JIANSHAOJINGZHENGZHI,DANGZHUGANSHANGDECEFENZHIZHANGDAO20cmSHIYONGYAQIANKAIJIAO,BINGZAI9YUE25RIJIANGZHITIAOKAIJIAO80-90°。

  DIERNIANDONGCHUNXIUJIANSHI,ZHONGYANGLINGDAOZHIJICEFENZHIZAI1/3CHUJINXINGDUANJIE,YICUJINFENZHI。DUIZHUGANSHANGFACHUDECEFENZHIZAIBANMUZHIHUASHI,LIYONGTONGYANGFANGFAJINXINGJIBUKAIJIAO。

  DISANNIANDONGCHUNXIUJIANSHI,DUIDI1、DI2NIANZHUGANSHANGFACHUDEZHI、WEIYUSHUGUAN“X”FANGXIANGDEYAODINGXIANGXUANLIU,BINGZAIXINSHAO1/3CHUDUANJIE,ZAIXINGJIANFANGXIANGDEZHIJINXINGHUANFANGPODING,DUIZHONGYANGLINGDAOZHI,CAIYONGQINGDUANJIE,SHUCHU2、3JINGZHENGZHI,BAOCHIQISHENGZHANGSHI。

  DI4NIANDONGJIANSHI,DUIZHONGYANGLINGDAOZHIBUJINXINGDUANJIE,ZHISHUCHU2、3JINGZHENGZHI,DUIQUANSHUYIJINGXUANLIUDEZHUZHIBUZAIJINXINGDUANJIE,YANGEKONGZHIZHUZHIDESHULIANG、ZHANGDU,JIAODU,YIPEIYANGXIACHUIJIEGUOZHIZUWEIZHU,PINGXIEJIEGUOZHIZUWEIFU。DANGSHULINGDADAO5NIANSHENGSHI,SHUTIDADAOYIDINGGAODU,JIBENCHENGXING,YAOJINXINGLUOTOU。

  WU、BINGCHONGHAIZONGHEFANGZHI

  BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHIYAOJIANCHI“YUFANGWEIZHU,ZONGHEFANGZHI”DEYUANZE。BINGHAIZHUYAOYOU:PINGGUOFULANBING、PINGGUOZAOQILUOYEBING、PINGGUOLUNWEN、TANJUBINGDENG。CHONGHAIZHUYAOYOUTAOXIAOSHIXINCHONG、LIXIAOSHIXINCHONG、PINGGUOYEMAN、YACHONG、QIANYEEDENG。

  1、CHUNJIMENGYAQIAN

  PENBU5�0�2BeSHILIUHEJI。DUIFULANBINGJIAOZHONGDEGUOYUAN,KEYONGLVSEFENGSHAGAOTUMO。CIQIZHUYAOFANGZHIFULANBING,LUNWENBING,TANJUBINGDENG。

  HUAQIANPEN10%DEYIBIANJING1000-2000BEIYE+AWEIJUNSU4000BEIYE+2..5%GONGFU2000BEIYE,KEFANGZHIYACHONG、HONGZHIZHU、JUANYECHONG、MAOCHONGLEIDENG。

  2、HUAHOU

  PENBU25%BIYATONG5000-8000BEIYE+10%SIMANQIN2000BEIYE+LESIBEN(DUSIPI)4000BEIYE,KEFANGZHIYACHONG、HONGZHIZHU、JUANYECHONG、MAOCHONGLEIDENG

  3、HUAHOU

  CIQIHAISHIFANGZHIPINGGUOYEMANHEPINGGUOHEFUBINGDEZHUYAOJIEDUAN。10%SIMANQIN2000BEIYE+50%DUOJUNLINGKESHIXINGFENJI700BEIYE。

  4、6YUESHANGXUNPENBU4.5%GAOJIAWEIYAN2000BEIYE+10%DEYIBIANJING1000-2000BEIYE+70%BINGSENXIN800-1000BEIYE,KEFANGZHI:SHIXINCHONG、YACHONG、ZAOQILUOYEBING、LUNWENBING、TANJUBINGDENG。

  5、6YUEXIAXUN

  21.5%JIAANJIAWEIJUNSUBENJIASUANYAN4000-5000BEIYE+25%BIYATONG5000-8000BEIYE+25%SANZUOXI2500BEIYE,KEFANGZHISHIXINCHONG、YACHONG、HONGZHIZHUDENG 。

  6、7YUEZHONGXUN

  PENBU1:2:240DEBOERDUOYEHUO80%WUZUOCHUN5000-8000BEIYE,FANGZHIZAOQILUOYEBING、LUNWENBING、TANJUBINGDENG。

  7、7YUEZHONGXIAXUN

  20%DISHASI1500BEIYE+25%MIEYOUNIAO1200BEIYE+25%SANZUOXI2000BEIYE,SANZUOXI2500BEIYE,FANGZHIYACHONG、QIANYEE、HONGZHIZHUDENG

  8、8YUEZHONGXUN

  35%LVCHONGBENJIAXIANAN1500BEIYE+25%SANZUOXI1200BEIYE+80%WUZUOCHUN8000-10000BEIYE,FANGZHI:SHIXINCHONG、YACHONG、HONGZHIZHU、ZAOQILUOYEBING、LUNWENBING、TANJUBINGDENG。

  9、9YUESHANGZHONGXUN

  48%LESIBEN(DUSIPI)1200BEIYE+80%WUZUOCHUN5000-8000BEIYE,FANGZHISHIXINCHONG、LUNWENBING、TANJUBINGDENG。

  10、11YUEXIAXUNDUISHUGANJINXINGTUBAI,SHILIUHEJI1GONGJIN+SHENGSHIHUI3GONGJIN+SHIYAN0.5GONGJIN+REZHUYOU0.25GONGJIN+SHUI15GONGJIN。TUBAIKEYIJIANSHAORISHAO、DONGHAI,YANCHIMENGYAHEKAIHUA,SHIGUOSHUMIANZAOWANSHUANGWEIHAI。


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